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SAT閱讀中常見的法律語言及詞匯

來源:      瀏覽:      發布日期:2021-08-12 13:44

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大家在做閱讀的時候都不想遇到那種專業性詞匯,因為大家對這類詞匯通常是比較陌生的。比如SAT閱讀中的文獻類篇章,這類文章中的內容經常涉及政治、法律相關問題,以及一些對應的詞匯,這些詞匯就是我們比較陌生的。下面成都SAT要和大家帶來的分享就是SAT閱讀中常見的法律語言及詞匯。

SAT閱讀中常見的法律語言及詞匯.jpeg

1、例句:The river flows beneath; barges pass, laden with timber, bursting with corn; there on one side are the domes and spires of the city; on the other, Westminster and the Houses of Parliament.

重要詞匯:

Westminster: 英國倫敦的一個自治市,亦指英國的議會大廈

the Houses of Parliament: 議會大廈

關于英國的議會,我們需要知道:它是英國的立法機關,由上院和下院組成。

上院:House of Lords, responsible for checking and shaping draft laws and challenging the work of government(職能主要是審查法律草案以及挑戰政府行為)

下院:House of Commons, a democratically elected house which makes laws and checks the work of the government(民主選舉產生,職能主要是制定法律和監督政府行為)

2、例句:I urge a sixteenth amendment (to the U.S. Constitution), because "manhood suffrage"  or a man's government, is civil, religious, and social disorganization.

重要詞匯:

amendment: n. 修訂;修正案

constitution: n. 憲法

suffrage: n.  the right to vote in political elections 選舉權

關于選舉權的問題,會涉及woman suffrage女性選舉權,是美國女權運動中非常重要的一個部分。作為文獻類篇章常考的女權運動話題的一部分,我們可以對這個話題進行一些背景信息的了解。

Ratified on August 18, 1920, the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution granted American women the right to vote—a right known as woman suffrage. At the time the U.S. was founded, its female citizens did not share all of the same rights as men, including the right to vote. It was not until 1848 that the movement for women’s rights launched on a national level with a convention in Seneca Falls, New York, organized by abolitionists Elizabeth Cady Stanton (1815-1902) and Lucretia Mott (1793-1880). Following the convention, the demand for the vote became a centerpiece of the women’s rights movement. Stanton and Mott, along with Susan B. Anthony (1820-1906) and other activists, formed organizations that raised public awareness and lobbied the government to grant voting rights to women. After a 70-year battle, these groups finally emerged victorious with the passage of the 19th Amendment.

重要詞匯:

ratify: v. to approve and sanction formally 正式批準

convention:

n. 大會;(國家間的)公約/協定;慣例/習俗

e.g. Geneva Convention日內瓦公約

grant:v. to permit as a right授予

passage:n. the passing of a legislative measure or law(法律、法案等的)通過

3、其他常見的一些法律詞匯還有

act:n. 法令

bill:n. 法案

code:

n. 法典

e.g. The Civil Code民法典;The Code of Hammurabi漢謨拉比法典

treaty:n. 條約

enact:v. 頒布

sentence:v. 判決

verdict:n. 裁定;判決書

repudiate:v. 拒絕履行

appeal:v. 上訴

prosecute:v. 起訴

judicial: adj. 司法的

remedy:n. 救濟手段

以上就是成都SAT為大家帶來的SAT閱讀中常見的法律語言及詞匯的分享,大家下來可以了解積累哦,大家在平時的備考過程中也要注意日常的積累,不僅僅是法律相關的,其他閱讀中會遇到的也是大家需要關注的哦。更多分享歡迎大家繼續關注新航道成都學校。

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