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SAT閱讀中常見的修辭手法有哪些?

來源:      瀏覽:      發布日期:2021-07-22 13:36

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我們平時在表達的時候難免會運用一些修辭手法,在閱讀中自然也是經常遇到。SAT閱讀文章同樣如此,經常會出現一些和修辭相關的表達和題目,這就需要備考的同學們要對這些常見的修辭手法有一定的了解,那么SAT閱讀中常見的修辭手法有哪些?

SAT閱讀中常見的修辭手法有哪些?.jpeg

一、常見的表達方式

首先,所謂的“修辭手法”在英文中的表達方式有以下幾種,一定要認識它們哦:

1、Literary device

2、Rhetorical device

3、Figures of speech

二、常見的提問方式

修辭類的題型,提問的方式會有一些變化,常見的是以下幾種:

1、直來直往型

題目中可能會出現以上這些詞中的某一個,例:In the second paragraph,the narrator uses which of the following literary devices?

2、大大咧咧型

題目中會用其他一些較為寬泛的表達來提問,例:The author uses which of the following methods to ···

3、指哪打哪型

出題者也可以直接問你某句話是什么性質來考察我們對于修辭手法的理解,例:The last sentence of the last paragraph can be described as ···

三、常見的修辭手法

然后,我們的選項中就會出現一些修辭功能詞和/或其服務于的對象。那么常見的修辭手法到底有哪些呢,讓我們一起往下看。

1、Metaphor暗喻

A metaphor is a figure of speech that says that one thing is another different thing.

“All the world's a stage,And all the men and women merely players They have their exits and their entrances”-William Shakespeare

2、Simile明喻

A simile is a figure of speech that says that one thing is like another different thing.

“It's been a hard day's night,and I've been working like a dog”-The Beatles

這兩者的差別主要在于是否有喻詞:暗喻中A is B,明瑜中A is like B。

3、Personification 擬人

A personification is an attribution of human nature or characters to animals, inanimate objects or abstract notions.

“How soon hath time, the subtle thief of youth,Stolen on his wing my three and twenty year”-Milton

4、Hyperbole 夸張

Hyperbole is a figure of speech that uses an exaggerated or extravagant statement to create a strong emotional response.

“Give me a thousand kisses, then a hundred,Then another thousand, then a second hundred,Then still another thousand, then a hundred”-Catullus

通常情況下,此種修辭手法是為了顯得幽默,更日常的例子如下:

I will die if she asks me to dance.

I'm so hungry I could eat an elephant.

He's got tons of money.

5、Rhetorical question 修辭性疑問句(反問/設問)

A rhetorical question is a figure of speech in the form of a question that is asked in order to make a point, rather than to elicit an answer.

Rhetorical Question既可以指代反問句也可以指代設問句,作者用疑問的語氣自問自答或者只問不答來表達肯定的含義。此種手法往往是為了增強語氣和觀點、吸引讀者的注意和思考等。

“If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind?”-Percy Bysshe Shelley

除上述這些修辭手法之外,真題中還考察過analogy類比,parallelism平行,alliteration頭韻,consonance尾韻,allusion暗指,understatement低調陳述,irony反語,sarcasm諷刺等,感興趣的同學們可以自行做功課去了解。更多分享歡迎大家繼續關注。

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